There are several different types of mutilation, which are demonstrated with drawings. FGM is primarily practiced and enforced by women and has cultural significance. FGM is practiced in the United States among some immigrant groups, and women who have immigrated here often need specialized medical care as a result of the mutilation.
Artists abandoned the conventional forms of art, such as painting and traditional modes of sculpture, in favor of art through performance. Some exposed their bodies to more or less painful experiences out of a desire to test and possibly transgress body boundaries and social taboos. Inin what became one of the most arresting moments in the performance art history, Chris Burden had his assistant shoot him in the left shoulder with a.
To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems. It was the most brutal thing I'd ever experienced.
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To investigate the association between type of episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among 6, women with type 3 Female Genital Mutilation FGM. We conducted a secondary analysis of women presenting in labor to 28 obstetric centres in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan between November and March Data were analysed using cross tabulations and multivariable logistic regression to determine if type of episiotomy by FGM classification had a significant impact on key maternal outcomes.
This article examines the link between FGM, here referred to as female genital cutting, and adult women's reproductive morbidity in rural Gambia. There was a high level of agreement between reported circumcision status and that found on examination. Most of the FGM procedures consisted of clitoridectomy and excision of the labia minora type II and were performed between the ages of 4 and 7 years.
Rape is defined as unlawful sexual intercourse with a woman who at the time of intercourse does not consent to it, where the man knows that she does not consent to the intercourse, or he is reckless as to whether she does or does not consent to it. Sexual intercourse for the purposes of rape means vaginal intercourse. Rape is by definition only committed when a man has sexual intercourse with a woman without her consent. This is defined as a sexual assault that includes penetration however slight of the anus or mouth by the penis, or penetration however slight of the vagina by any objects held or manipulated by another person.
On a visit to Djibouti Horn of Africa inI came upon a report on female genital mutilation prepared by a French doctor attached to the Foreign Legion. It recorded how the child aged between years old would be held down by her mother and aunts while the gede grandmother sliced off the head of her clitoris with a knife, or a often just a rusty razor. Infibulation was also frequently performed when the labia were cut and the edges sewn together with thorns.