In psychology and neuroscienceexecutive dysfunctionor executive function deficitis a disruption to the efficacy of the executive functionswhich is a group of cognitive processes that regulate, control, and manage other cognitive processes. It is implicated in numerous psychopathologies and mental disordersas well as short-term and long-term changes in non-clinical executive control. Executive dysfunction is not the same as dysexecutive syndromea term coined by Alan Baddeley to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as deficiencies in planningabstract thinking, flexibility and behavioural control.
What is executive dysfunction? Executive function skills enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and manage multiple tasks. Up to 90 percent of kids with ADHD struggle with executive dysfunction, which impairs goal-directed behavior.
What is Executive Functioning? The frontal lobe is the area of the brain that controls executive functioning skills. Deficits in executive functioning skills make it difficult to gather information and structure it for evaluation, as well as difficulty taking stock of your surroundings and changing your behavior in response.
This study compared the executive functions, organization in time and perceived quality of life QoL of 55 adults with learning disabilities LD with those of 55 matched controls mean age 30 years. Furthermore, relationships and predictive relationships between these variables among the group with LD were examined. Chi-square tests, independent t-tests and MANOVA were used to examine group differences in each of the subscales scores and ratings of each instrument. Pearson correlations and regression predictive models were used to examine the relationships between the variables in the group with LD.
An inefficiency in the cognitive management systems of the brain that affects a variety of neuropsychological processes such as planning, organization, strategizing, paying attention to and remembering details, and managing time and space. Although not a learning disability, different patterns of weakness in executive functioning are almost always seen in the learning profiles of individuals who have specific learning disabilities or ADHD. Site Search.
Executive dysfunction can describe difficulties in any of these abilities or behaviors. It can be a symptom of another condition or result from an event such as a traumatic brain injury. Sometimes executive dysfunction is called executive function disorder EFD.
Janie did well in school until she got to fourth grade. Janie was referred for testing for special education, but she scored well on the assessments. What was wrong? Janie is not alone.
We use executive function when we perform such activities as planning, organizing, strategizing and paying attention to and remembering details. People with executive function problems have difficulty with planning, organizing and managing time and space. They also show weakness with "working memory" or "seeing in your mind's eye"which is an important tool in guiding one's actions.
It is perfectly normal to be confused at times by such information overload. But if we have more difficulty than usual keeping track of everything and getting things done at work, home, and school, it could be a condition called Executive Function Disorder or EFD. This part of the brain, which matures during puberty, helps us manage time, pay attention, switch focus, remember details, and avoid saying and doing the wrong thing.